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Публикация Елены Витальевны Масловской в The Uppsala Yearbook of Eurasian Studies

В новом номере ежегодника The Uppsala Yearbook of Eurasian Studies (Vol. II, 2017) опубликована статья ведущего научного сотрудника Социологического института ФНИСЦ РАН, д.с.н. Елены Витальевны Масловской «Juridical Professionalization of a Russian Human Rights NGO: a case study»

Annotation: On the basis of Bourdieu’s theory of the juridical field and its contemporary interpretations the article considers the process of juridical professionalization of the Russian human rights organization ‘Committee against Torture’. It is argued that organizational models used by human rights activists reflect the configuration and the dynamics of power relations both within and outside the juridical field in today’s Russia. The juridical professionalization of a human rights organization is regarded as structured by unequal access to material resources and symbolic capital, and dependent on continuous attempts to stigmatize its activities. The research results confirm the trend towards the formation of an alternative form of professionalization of human rights lawyers with the potential to change their juridical habitus and create a specific identity that combines elements of human rights activism and legal professionalism. The asymmetry of power relationships in the juridical field forces human rights NGOs to develop specific solutions for counteracting illegal violence in law enforcement bodies. The article analyses the peculiarities of interaction between human rights lawyers, victims and investigating authorities in cases of public inquiry of illegal violence. Specialized forms of juridical activity and tactical moves are singled out which are used by human rights NGOs in their interaction with Russian and international courts. However, the findings demonstrate that the current models of professional conduct within law enforcement agencies can be influenced only selectively and mostly at the local level. As a result even modest achievements in this sphere require constant and active work on the part of human rights organizations in Russia. At the same time changes in legislation strengthened the trend towards marginalization of human rights NGOs and further restrictions on their activities.